Event and Festivals

Ashfaqullah Khan 119th Birth Anniversary: Here Are Some Interesting Facts About Kakori Revolutionary Who Fought Against British Rule

Ashfaqullah Khan (Photo courtesy: file image)

India became independent on 15 August 1947 after the rule of the British for nearly 200 years. In order to drive out the British, many freedom fighters made their sacrifices for the motherland. Ashfaqullah Khan was one of the leading freedom fighters who stood against the atrocities of the British Empire. At an early age, he became immortal by sacrificing his life for freedom. Independence Day 2019: From Mahatma Gandhi to Bhagat Singh, remembering the freedom fighters on India's 73rd Independence Day.

Khan was born on October 22, 1900 in Shahjahanpur, which was then part of the North-Western Province, British India. He was the youngest child of Shafiqullah Khan and Mazharunisa. Khan was from a Pathan family. His elder brother was another classmate of another freedom fighter Ram Prasad Bismil. Independence Day 2018: Look back at the Freedom Fighters who fought for Free India.

Some facts about Ashfaqullah Khan are as follows:

  • In 1922, Khan actively participated in the non-corporation started by Mahatma Gandhi. However, he became depressed after Gandhi stopped the movement in 1922.
  • Later, he adopted extremist methods to fight British rule. Khan joined the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association, which was established in 1924.
  • Ashfaqulla wrote poems in Urdu and Hindi under the pen names "Hasrat" and "Warsi".
  • On August 9, 1925, Ashfaq along with other revolutionaries of Hindustan Socialist Republican Association including Chandrashekhar Azad and Ram Prasad Bismil looted a British government money train at Kakori near Lucknow.
  • All revolutions, except Ashfaq, were arrested by the British police about a month after the robbery.
  • Ashfaq was jailed in Faizabad jail, and a case was registered against him. About 40 revolutionaries were arrested in connection with the Kakori robbery.
  • He was inspired by Bismil as they both shared a vision of independent India.
  • Ashfaq and Bismil were hanged in two separate jails on 19 December 1927.
  • Ashfaq was 27 when he made his sacrifice for the nation. India celebrates its 73rd Independence Day; Know the history and importance of 15 August celebrations.

Ashfaq was a devout Muslim. Even in jail, he used to offer prayers five times a day and also fast during the religious month of Ramadan. During his imprisonment in Faizabad jail, Ashfaq started writing a diary. Apart from Ashfaq and Bismil, Rajendra Lahiri and Thakur Roshan Singh were also sentenced to death in the Kakori conspiracy case.

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